Ticks can spread a variety of serious diseases to pets and people. Here, our veterinary team explains how these external parasites live and thrive, what signs to beware of and how to keep them away from you and your pets.
What are ticks?
Ticks are external parasites that feed on the blood of humans and animals. They aren't able to fly or jumps to move around, so they rely on their hosts to bring them onto your property or around your home. Frequently, if ticks appear in your area, wild animals have brought them there. Once they are on your property, pets frequently become hosts and the parasites are then brought into your home.
Are ticks dangerous?
Because ticks spread a number of serious diseases, they are dangerous to both people and pets. People can get serious conditions such as Lyme disease when the tick's saliva—which contains germs and bacteria—makes its way into the bloodstream.
What do ticks look like in Richmond?
The black-legged tick (also known as the deer tick) is one of the four most common tick species found in Richmond and has the unfortunate distinction as being the species responsible for most cases of Lyme disease in our state. It's joined by the lone star tick, American dog tick and brown dog tick.
The black-legged tick is found in wooded, brushy areas and both males and females have flat, oval bodies. While female deer ticks' bodies are about 1/8" in size and orangish-brown (with a reddish-brown colored abdomen that becomes darker after feeding on a host), male deer ticks are roughly 1/16" and reddish-brown overall. They are longer than they are wide, and have sharply pointed, toothed mouthparts you can see clearly from above. Though tick exposure may occur year-round, they are most active during warmer months (April to September).
How do I check my pet for ticks?
Even after a short walk, it's very important to check your dog carefully for ticks. This goes doubly if the walk was through bus or long grass. Make sure that you check deep within your pet's coat, inside and around their ears, around their neck, between their legs and between the toes too.
How do I get rid of or prevent ticks?
You can use a number of different methods for getting rid of and preventing ticks on small pets and dogs. Your options include spot-on treatments, oral medications, tick collars, or even using a shampoo containing medicated ingredients to bathe your pet and kill ticks on contact. Speak with your vet to determine the right option for you and your pet.
To help keep ticks away from your yard, it's a good idea to keep your lawn well-trimmed. This will give ticks fewer areas to live and breed, reducing the risk of ticks being around. At the height of tick season, you'll also want to limit the amount of time your pet spends outside.